Building Mobile Apps in React Native vs Native iOS and Android

Introduction:

Traditionally, mobile applications have been written in native languages. However, hybrid cross-platform frameworks like React Native have recently gained significant market share. In order to decide if React Native or Native IOS/Android works better for mobile app development, it is important to consider the differences between the two platforms.

To develop a truly native mobile app, the React Native framework uses the React.js library. React Native is a “hybrid” framework, which means it works on any platform. It’s built mostly in JavaScript. Like any hybrid application, it has a single codebase that allows them to function on both Android and iOS devices. When compared to building two native apps in separate languages, the benefit is obvious: less code and related logistics.

The React Native framework has grown to a community of over 2,000 developers and 300,000+ weekly downloads through npm in the last four years. Despite the popularity of React Native, many people believe that conventional native mobile apps are still the best option. When compared to hybrid options, native advocates emphasise its performance benefits and robustness. Selecting between the two technologies requires careful consideration. 

Native IOS and Android on the other hand is another option used for mobile app development. Android and iOS are the two most popular mobile platforms, so developers may choose between Java or Kotlin for the former and Swift or Objective-C for the latter. It’s obvious that hiring experienced developers for each particular version of your app comes at a high cost, and this is one of the most significant issues with native app mobile development.

React Native:

React Native is a Facebook framework that allows you to create native mobile apps for both iOS and Android using just JavaScript code. React Native combines the greatest features of native development with React, a top-of-the-line JavaScript toolkit for creating user interfaces. You may utilise React Native in your current Android and iOS projects right now, or you can start from scratch and build a brand new app. Since, React primitives render to native platform UI, your app will use the same native platform APIs as other apps. With time as React Native is growing, a number of prevalent mobile applications such as Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest, Uber, Souncloud, etc have started rebuilding and re-writing their applications in React Native. 

React Native allows for a single JavaScript codebase to be used across two platforms. This implies that not only is it easier to maintain the app by using the same development process and reusing the same code for all platforms, but it also takes fewer resources because separate iOS and Android teams are no longer required. 

React Native is built on React.js, a JavaScript-based framework, that is still one of the most frequently used programming languages in the world, with a growing community popularity. This means that hiring a React Native developer for a project should be rather easy. Furthermore, a large community of developers means that they can help each other as well.

Anyone who has dealt with XCode, Eclipse, or Android Studio understands how time consuming and difficult the development process can be. This may be particularly aggravating if you’re working on a feature that’s many screens away from the main interface. Hot reloading is React Native’s answer to this problem, which keeps the app running while saving the state (data and the screen you’re on), injecting just the changes that are made in the code. This functionality works well for the vast majority of common use cases, saving a significant amount of development effort.

React Native’s approach to UI structure is Flexbox, which is already quite popular in web development and allows the developer to simply design a responsive web or mobile. As a result, it competes with Android’s XML/Constraint layout technique and iOS’s Storyboard/XIB/Coding with UI frameworks like Neon approach. 

Furthermore, one significant benefit of native mobile is that you have access to all native APIs, like Camera, Touch ID, and GPS, as well as capabilities for animating and developing rich user interfaces. There is no intermediary layer, so you can use all of the features that the mobile platform has to offer. React Native isn’t great at designing complicated user interfaces or animations. It has the Animated API, which is a nice option, although it lags below native capabilities, this is where Native IOS/Android steps in! 

Native IOS/Android 

The phrase “native app development” refers to the creation of a mobile app that is designed specifically for a single platform. The application was created using platform-specific programming languages and tools.

Native development is compatible with and works seamlessly with all current APIs, ensuring that your development cycle will not be slowed by any barriers.  If you choose native development, even the most sophisticated features and technology will run seamlessly. For example, if your new software will integrate augmented or virtual reality elements, native development is required.  

Native apps are regarded for providing a superior user experience due to their fast performance. The aesthetics are also matched to the platform’s UX, which improves the user experience. Since it provides greater performance and speed, a native app is easier to distribute and typically ranks higher in the platform’s app store. However, since they must create native apps for two platforms at the same time, entrepreneurs are concerned about the high cost of native app development. 

Mobile applications are designed and customised for a certain platform with native mobile app development. As a result, the app operates at a very high degree of efficiency. Since native apps are compiled using the platform’s core programming language and APIs, they are extremely quick and responsive. As a result, the software is far more effective. The app is stored on the device, allowing the programme to take use of the device’s computing power. The data and visual aspects of a native mobile app are already saved on the user’s phone, resulting in fast load times.

Differences between the two

Separate Teams

The first thing to keep in mind when comparing Native vs. React Native is that with the former method, the code is developed separately for both Android and iOS platforms owing to technological differences. To make your app available on both platforms, you’ll need to designate two independent teams: an Android development team and an iOS development team. In the case of React Native, the same developers write a single code for all platforms, allowing you to create React Native apps for both Android and iOS with the same code. 

Costing

The cost factor to design a mobile app also aids in the selection of the best technology for your purposes. According to the leading mobile app development companies, React Native app development may save 30 to 35 percent on the same app project.

UI/UX 

Furthermore, matching the UI/UX standards of both Android and iOS platforms is tough. However, when developing a native app, this is not the case. Each screen is created separately for both Android and iOS devices in native app development, resulting in a better mobile app UI/UX experience, but more design lead time.

Programming Language

Kotlin, Java, and Swift, the native programming languages for Android and iOS, are strict-typed and OOPs-oriented languages. Even if it takes time to become acquainted with them, they are simple to understand with sufficient documentation and a set of rules and regulations. On the other hand, while JavaScript appears to be easy to learn, it has a number of problems and loopholes such as limited documentation, making it difficult for React Native app developers to fully grasp the language.

What To Consider When Choosing An Approach To Build Mobile App

React native is a fantastic choice if you’re designing an app that just displays information retrieved from the internet, however, you should choose native development if your application requires a lot of processing or access to low-level APIs like Bluetooth.

Native development is the way to go if you want amazing visuals and an immersive experience. When working in a native environment, developers have access to UI/UX components. The UI/UX portion of the software will be severely limited if you choose cross-platform.

For mobile applications that require an intensive usage of internal API’s, and have numerous complex designs and animations, we recommend Native IOS/Android. This is a smart choice since such apps rely heavily on OS specific features, and through this method, the app will be able to support the newest OS features right after the release. 

On the other hand, React Native is a perfect choice for mobile applications that do not require heavy reliance on the native APIs and the use of native functionalities (including all AR & IoT). For applications that do not involve heavy graphics, we suggest React Native as the go-to, as no point in spending more if at the end the overall result is going to be the same. 

Your choice will have a significant impact on the app’s cost, timeliness, and user response, so choose wisely. Before making a decision, think about all that has been said thus far.

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